C H I L L I E S

 

Chilli is grown throughout the country and is used in almost all dishes. Chillies are of numerous variety and their degree of pungency varies. Dry and fresh Chillies are used in various dishes. Dry chilly gives a red colour and makes the dish attractive.

This spice is grown throughout the year and so there is no scarcity and a good quantity is exported. Kashmir chillies are known for its colour and pungency. The highly pungent chilly is 'Sannam' and slightly pungent chilly is 'Mundu'. Sannam has international popularity.

 

Chillies are used with or without stalks. To make good quality of chilli powder the stalks should be removed. It is variously called capsicum, paprika, pimento, sweet pepper, red pepper, cayenne pepper and bird pepper, depending on the type of chilli and the manner in which it is prepared and used. Indian chillies are mainly exported to USA, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, the middle and the far east.

 

CHILLIES OF INDIA

BIRDS EYE CHILLI (DHANI)
Grown in Mizoram and some areas of Manipur. Highly pungent.

BYADAGI (KADDI)
Grown in Dharwar, Karnataka. Less pungency or without pungency.

ELLACHIPUR SANNAM 
Grown in Amaravathi district of Maharashtra. Very hot.

GUNTUR SANNAM 
Grown in Guntur, Warangal, Khammam districts of Andhra pradesh. Skin thick and hot.

HINDPUR 
Grown in Hindpur in  Andhra Pradesh. Hot and highly pungent.

JWALA
Grown in Kheda, Mehsana and in south Gujarat.  Highly pungent.

KANTHARI - WHITE
Grown in Kerala and some parts of Tamil Nadu. Short and ivory white in colour with high pungency.


KASHMIR CHILLI
Grown in Himachal Pradesh,  Jammu and Kashmir and also in subtropical regions of North India during winter seasons.


MADHYA PRADESH G.T SANNAM
Grown in Indore, Malkapur Chikli and Elachpur areas of Madhya Pradesh.

MADRAS PARI
Grown in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh.

NAGPUR
 Grown in Nagpur district  of Maharashtra. It is pungent.

 

NALCHETTI
Grown in Nagpur district of Maharashtra. Extremely pungent.


RAMNAD MUNDU
Grown in Ramnad district of Tamil Nadu. Hot.

SANGLI SANNAM 
Grown in Kolhapur district of Maharshtra. Hot.

SATTUR 
Grown in Dindigul, Sattur, Rajapalayam, Sankarankoli and Theni in Tamil Nadu. Pungent with thick skin.

MUNDU
Grown in Anantpur district of Andhra Pradesh. Fairly good pungency.

TADAPPALLY - BIG LONG
Grown in Tadappally in Andhra Pradesh. Less pungent, thick skin.

TOMATO CHILLI (WARANGAL CHAPPATTA)

Grown In Warangal, Khammam, East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh. Less pungent.